Assertion and Reason Questions Set 1 - Reasoning Aptitude

Advanced 467 Reasoning Puzzles Book SBI PO 2018
‘Assertion’ refers to stating or claiming something forcefully and that of Reason is fact. This test is meant to judge the candidate’s knowledge and with it the aim is to determine his ability to reason out correctly.

Under, we shall deal with the combination of Assertion and Reason and relate with each other in order to find their correct coordination. Here, four alternative comments on these are given and the correct one is to be chosen. This is again an important part of logical reasoning for IBPS PO & SBI PO. Following illustrations will fully illustrate the type of such questions

Questions of Assertion and Reason

Directions 1 - 30 : For the Assertions (A) and Reasons (R) below, choose the correct alternative from the following:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true and R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both are false.

1. Assertion (A) : Moon cannot be used as a satellite for communication.
Reason (R) : Moon does not move in the equatorial plane of the earth.

2. Assertion (A) : Salt is added to cook food at higher altitudes.
Reason (R) : Temperature is lower at higher altitudes.

3. Assertion (A) : Ventilators are provided near the roof.
Reason (R) : Conduction takes place better near the roof.

4. Assertion (A) : Beriberi is a viral infection.
Reason (R) : Vitamin deficiency causes diseases.

5. Assertion (A) : Bulb filament is made of Titanium.
Reason (R) : The filament should have low melting point.

6. Assertion (A) : Carbon monoxide when inhaled causes death.
Reason (R) : Carbon monoxide combines with hemoglobin.

7. Assertion (A) : We feel colder on mountains than plains.
Reason (R) : Temperature decreases with altitude.

8. Assertion (A) : Inside the earth metals are present in molten state.
Reason (R) : Earth absorbs the sun’s rays.

9. Assertion (A) : There is no vaccine for AIDS.
Reason (R) : The AIDS virus changes its genetic code.

10. Assertion (A) : Clothes are not washed properly in hard water.
Reason (R) : Hard water contains many minerals.

11. Assertion (A) : In India, people elect their own representatives.
Reason (R) : India is a democracy.

12. Assertion (A) : Vaccines prevent diseases.
Reason (R) : Vaccines must be given to children.

13. Assertion (A) : Downpour of rain lessens the humidity in the atmosphere.
Reason (R) : Rains are caused when atmosphere cannot hold more moisture.

14. Assertion (A) : Unpolished rice should be eaten.
Reason (R) : Polished rice lacks vitamin B.

15. Assertion (A) : Bats can fly in the night.
Reason (R) : Bats emit ultrasonic.

16. Assertion (A) : Razia Sultan was the daughter of Illtutmish.
Reason (R) : Illtutmish was a rebel.

17. Assertion (A) : Silver is not used to make electric wires.
Reason (R) : Silver is a bad conductor.

18. Assertion (A) : Gandhiji withdrew the non-cooperation movement.
Reason (R) : There was violence at the Chaurichaura outrage.

19. Assertion (A) : Carbon forms the largest number of compounds.
Reason (R) : Carbon has the catenation property.

20. Assertion (A) : Uttar Pradesh is called the ‘Sugar bowl’ of India.
Reason (R) : Uttar Pradesh is the leading producer of Sugarcane.

21. Assertion (A) : When the bus starts, the person inside it falls forward.
Reason (R) : The bus pushes the man forward.

22. Assertion (A) : Glass tumbler breaks in winter when hot water is poured in it.
Reason (R) : When hot water is poured, the outer surface of glass expands.

23. Assertion (A) : Red color of blood is due to haemoglobin.
Reason (R) : Haemoglobin is a red pigment.

24. Assertion (A) : Carbohydrates provide energy to the body.
Reason (R) : Obesity is caused by excessive intake of carbohydrates.

25. Assertion (A) : Nuclear fusion is used to generate electricity.
Reason (R) : Nuclear power is not used because it cannot be controlled.

26. Assertion (A) : River Narmada flows westward.
Reason (R) : Narmada falls into the Bay of Bengal.

27. Assertion (A) : Cotton is grown in alluvial soils.
Reason (R) : Alluvial soils are very fertile.

28. Assertion (A) : In India, females have higher life expectancy than the males.
Reason (R) : Females receive a better diet.

29. Assertion (A) : The India Constitution came into force with effect from 26th January, 1950.
Reason (R) : 26th January as celebrated as the Republic Day.

30. Assertion (A) : Appendix is a vestigial organ in human body.

Answers


Ans 1 : (a) since R explains A.

Ans 2 : (b) because both statements A and R are separately true but R does not explain A.

Ans 3 : (c) since only statement A is true while R is a wrong statement.

Ans 4 : (d) since the statement A is false and only R is true.

Ans 5 : (e) since both the statement A and R are false.

Ans 6 : (a) since R explains A.

Ans 7 : (a) since R explains A.

Ans 8 : (c) since A is true but R is false.

Ans 9 : (a) R is the correct explanation for A.

Ans 10 : (b) R is not the correct explanation for A.

Ans 11 : (a) R is correct explanation for A.

Ans 12 : (b) R is not the correct explanation of A.

Ans 13 : (d) A is false but R is true.

Ans 14 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 15 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A. 

Ans 16 : (c) A is true but R is false. 

Ans 17 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 18 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 19 : (d) R is true but A is false.

Ans 20 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 21 : (e) Both A and R are false.

Ans 22 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 23 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 24 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 25 : (e) Both A and R are false.

Ans 26 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 27 : (d) A is false but R is true.

Ans 28 : (e) Both A and R are false.

Ans 29 : (b) R is not the correct explanation for A.

Ans 30 : (a) R is correct explanation of A.