Assertion and Reason Questions Set 2 for IBPS SBI PO - Reasoning Aptitude

Advanced 467 Reasoning Puzzles Book SBI PO 2018
‘Assertion’ refers to stating or claiming something forcefully and that of Reason is fact. This test is meant to judge the candidate’s knowledge and with it the aim is to determine his ability to reason out correctly.

Under, we shall deal with the combination of Assertion and Reason and relate with each other in order to find their correct coordination. Here, four alternative comments on these are given and the correct one is to be chosen. This is again an important part of logical reasoning for IBPS PO & SBI PO. Following illustrations will fully illustrate the type of such questions

Questions of Assertion and Reason

Directions 1 - 38 : For the Assertions (A) and Reasons (R) below, choose the correct alternative from the following:
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.
(b) Both A and R are true and R is NOT the correct explanation of A.
(c) A is true but R is false.
(d) A is false but R is true.
(e) Both are false.

1. Assertion (A) : Himalayas once laid under the sea.
Reason (R) : Fossils of marine creatures are traced on the Himalayas.

2. Assertion (A) : Shivaji developed the guerilla warfare.
Reason (R) : Shivaji feared the Mughals,

3. Assertion (A) : Legumes revive the soil fertility.
Reason (R) : microbes in the root nodules of legumes fix the atmospheric nitrogen.

4. Assertion (A) : Cut fruits and vegetables should not be kept in open for long.
Reason (R) : Their vitamin content is ruined.

5. Assertion (A) : An atom is neutral despite the charged particles in it.
Reason (R) : The neutrons do not have any charge.

6. Assertion (A) : Bangladesh imports jute from India.
Reason (R) : Bangladesh has most of the jute mills.

7. Assertion (A) : The steam engine was invented by James Watt.
Reason (R) : There was a problem of taking out water from flooded mines.

8. Assertion (A) : Increase in carbon dioxide would melt polar ice.
Reason (R) : Global temperature would rise.

9. Assertion (A) : Tamil Nadu gets most of the rain fall in winter.
Reason (R) : Tamil Nadu gets rainfall from retreating monsoons.

10. Assertion (A) : Graphite is slippery and used as a lubricant.
Reason (R) : Graphite has free electrons.

11. Assertion (A) : In India, the judiciary is independent of the executive.
Reason (R) : Judiciary favours the government and helps in the implementation of its plans.

12. Assertion (A) : An iron ball floats on mercury but gets immersed in water.
Reason (R) : The specific gravity of iron is more than that of mercury.

13. Assertion (A) : Copper is used to make electric wires.
Reason (R) : Copper has very low electrical resistance.

14. Assertion (A) : Uranium undergoes nuclear fusion reaction.
Reason (R) : It has a big, unstable nucleus.

15. Assertion (A) : A little gap is left between iron rails.
Reason (R) : Iron expands in summer.

16. Assertion (A) : When common salt is kept open, it absorbs moisture from the air.
Reason (R) : Common salt contains magnesium chloride.

17. Assertion (A) : When a body is dipped in a liquid fully or partially, there is a decrease in its weight.
Reason (R) : The decrease in weight is due to the higher density of the displaced liquid.

18. Assertion (A) : Baking soda creates acidity in the stomach.
Reason (R) : Baking soda is alkaline.

19. Assertion (A) : Most of the Himalayan rivers are perennial.
Reason (R) : They are fed by melting snow.

20. Assertion (A) : Amoebiasis is an occupational disease.
Reason (R) : Amoebiasis is caused by inhalation of asbestos dust.

21. Assertion (A) : Plaster of Paris is used by doctors for setting fractured bones.
Reason (R) : When Plaster of Paris is mixed with water and applied around the fractured limbs, it sets into a hard mass.

22. Assertion (A) : The use of chloro fluoro carbons is banned throughout the world now- a- days.
Reason (R) : These chemicals cause skin cancer.

23. Assertion (A) : Bronze is used for making statues.
Reason (R) : Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin.

24. Assertion (A) : India is facing the problem of inflation.
Reason (R) : We have failed to check the growth of black money.

25. Assertion (A) : Leaves of plants are green.
Reason (R) : Plants contain chromoplasts, the green pigment.

26. Assertion (A) : We prefer to wear white clothes in winter.
Reason (R) : White clothes are good reflectors of heat.

27. Assertion (A) : Leakages in household gas cylinders can be detected.
Reason (R) : LPG has a strong smell.

28. Assertion (A) : Shimla is colder than Delhi.
Reason (R) : Shimla is at a higher altitude as compared to Delhi.

29. Assertion (A) : Land breeze blows during night.
Reason (R) : Land gets heated up quickly.

30. Assertion (A) : The freezing of sea water during winter does not kill the fishes.
Reason (R) : Only surface water is frozen.

31. Assertion (A) : We feel comfortable in hot and humid climate.
Reason (R) : Sweat evaporates faster in humid climate.

32. Assertion (A) : Mohammad-bin-Tughlaq is called the ‘wisest fool’.
Reason (R) : He had wise plans but implemented them foolishly.

33. Assertion (A) : Weeds should not be allowed to grow along with the crops.
Reason (R) : Weeds leave no space for plants to grow.

34. Assertion (A) : Carbon dioxide turns lime water milky.
Reason (R) : Carbon dioxide sullys the water.

35. Assertion (A) : Diamond is used for cutting glass.
Reason (R) :Diamond has a high refractive index.

36. Assertion (A) : Telephone wires sag more in summer.
Reason (R) : They expand due to summer heat.

37. Assertion (A) : Eskimos reside in igloos.
Reason (R) : No other material except snow is available.

38. Assertion (A) : India democratic.
Reason (R) : India has a Constitution of its own.

Important Links Click Below

Answers

Ans 1 : (a) R is correct explanation of A.

Ans 2 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 3 : (a) R is correct explanation of A.

Ans 4 : (a) R is correct explanation of A.

Ans 5 : (b) R is not the correct explanation of A.

Ans 6 : (e) Both A and R are false.

Ans 7 : (a) R is correct explanation of A

Ans 8 : (a) R is correct explanation of A.

Ans 9 : (a) R is correct explanation of A.

Ans 10 : (b) R is not correct explanation of A.

Ans 11 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 12 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 13 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 14 : (d) A is false but R is true.

Ans 15 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 16 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 17 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 18 : (d) A is false but R is true.

Ans 19 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.


Ans 20 : (e) Both A and R are false.  

Ans 21 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 22 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 23 : (b) R is not the correct explanation of A.

Ans 24 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 25 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 26 : (d) A is false but R is true.

Ans 27 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 28 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 29 : (b) R is not the correct explanation of A.

Ans 30 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 31 : (e) Both A and R are false.

Ans 32 : (a) R provides correct explanation for A.

Ans 33 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 34 : (e) Both A and R are false.

Ans 35 : (b) R is not the correct explanation of A.

Ans 36 : (a) R is the correct explanation of A.

Ans 37 : (c) A is true but R is false.

Ans 38 : (b) R is not the correct explanation of A.